A colliery, tunnel and library have topped a list of “absorbing” Victorian and Edwardian structure most vulnerable to smash in England and Wales.
The Victorian Society publishes its prime 10 most endangered buildings and constructions yearly.
Its director Christopher Costelloe mentioned the most recent list is a “rich mix”.
It consists of Chatterley Whitfield Colliery in Staffordshire, Queensbury Tunnel in West Yorkshire and Everton Library in Liverpool.
The scheme, now in its 12th 12 months, makes use of public nominations to find out which buildings to list.
Victorian Society president Griff Rhys Jones mentioned this 12 months’s examples embrace “gems” and “real historical moments”.
He mentioned: “It is both inspiring and saddening to see this list. Who would have thought that a call to arms would reveal such a wealth of distinguished and absorbing architecture?”
The 2019 prime 10 are:
Chatterley Whitfield Colliery, Staffordshire
The disused coal mine at Chell was the primary colliery within the UK to supply a million tonnes of saleable coal in a 12 months and is claimed to be probably the most full remnants of a mine within the nation. The web site is vacant and the buildings are in a really poor situation.
Shadwell Court, Norfolk
Grade I-listed Shadwell Court was in-built 1715 however was remodelled past all recognition in 1840 by Edward Blore and once more 20 years later by SS Teulon. The gothic mansion has been empty for the reason that 1990s and is owned by a member of the Dubai ruling household, the society mentioned. Mr Costelloe mentioned it could be a “scandal” if the mansion, which has in depth roof issues, will not be mounted.
Queensbury Tunnel, West Yorkshire
The two-mile (3.2km) lengthy disused railway tunnel was Great Northern Railway’s longest tunnel when it was opened in 1878 to attach Holmfield and Queensbury. It is at the moment deserted and flooded with water and is on the centre of a heated debate between campaigners, who need it restored and become a cycle path, and the Department for Transport, which needs to fill in sections of the tunnel with concrete then depart it to break down. The Society helps the previous.
Everton Library, Liverpool
The Grade II-listed constructing opened in 1896, making it one in all Liverpool’s first libraries. It has not been used since 1999 and there have been two failed re-development schemes. It has suffered extreme vandalism together with lead theft which has led to water injury. Mr Costelloe mentioned the constructing is a “jewel” the town “can’t afford to lose”.
Hulme Hippodrome, Manchester
Originally often known as the Grand Junction Theatre, the venue opened on 10 October 1901. It bought at public sale in May for £325,000 and faces an “uncertain future”, the society mentioned.
Cowbridge School, Vale of Glamorgan
Cowbridge was one in all 94 County Intermediate Schools designed to cater for kids who had little or no prospect of attending impartial public colleges as a result of their social standing or monetary state of affairs. It was in-built 1896 and later housed Cowbridge Comprehensive’s sixth kind till its closure in 2010. The faculty’s “thoughtless demolition” can be a “huge blow to the town”, Mr Costelloe mentioned.
Pelican Works, Birmingham
The Grade II-listed Pelican Works constructing in Birmingham’s Jewellery Quarter was constructed for cutlery maker Thomas Wilkinson of Sheffield as an electroplating works. The Italian-style constructing is a “significant landmark” within the space however solely the frontage is occupied, the rear having been partially demolished in May after retailers in neighbouring Hockley Street collapsed.
Church of St Luke, Warrington
The church was in-built 1892-3 and is one in all simply three examples of its kind by architect George Frederick Bodley. It was declared redundant greater than 30 years in the past and has since been used for builder’s storage. The inside that includes a double nave underneath a single roof separated by a slender central arcade is “extremely unorthodox and highly inventive”, the society mentioned.
Leslie Arms pub, Croydon
The derelict pub was constructed by brewers Nalder & Colyer in 1850 however has been closed for a number of years. Various planning schemes have been thought of however none have come to fruition. Mr Costelloe mentioned: “This is a building of great quality where continued pub use should be viable.”
Corn Exchange and former Town Hall, Swindon
The ruined advanced on the coronary heart of Swindon’s Old Town has been a corn trade, city corridor and dance corridor at varied occasions earlier than falling into disuse. The society mentioned a number of schemes had “come and gone” because the constructing “continues to deteriorate”, with “urgent action” wanted to reserve it. “An imaginative and sensitive scheme is needed to return the complex to its place at the heart of the town’s life,” Mr Costelloe mentioned.