oet and writer Lawrence Ferlinghetti, one of the main figures of the Beat motion, has died aged 101.
The City Lights bookshop, which he based in 1953, stated in assertion that he died on Monday night.
Ferlinghetti printed works by influential poets and authors together with Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg and William S Burroughs.
His most well-known launch was Ginsberg’s poem Howl, which led to a high-profile 1957 obscenity trial that noticed him and City Lights’ supervisor charged with disseminating obscene literature.
Ferlinghetti’s finest recognized work was his first assortment of poems, 1958’s A Coney Island Of The Mind, which was written for a jazz accompaniment.
A press release from City Lights bookshop stated: “We are unhappy to announce that Lawrence Ferlinghetti, distinguished American poet, artist, and founder of City Lights Booksellers and Publishers, has died in San Francisco, California. He was 101 years outdated.
“Ferlinghetti was instrumental in democratising American literature by creating (with Peter D Martin) the nation’s first all-paperback bookstore in 1953, jumpstarting a motion to make various and cheap high quality books broadly accessible.”
It stated: “For over sixty years, these of us who’ve labored with him at City Lights have been impressed by his information and love of literature, his braveness in defence of the correct to freedom of expression, and his important position as an American cultural ambassador.
“His curiosity was unbounded and his enthusiasm was infectious, and we’ll miss him significantly.
“We intend to construct on Ferlinghetti’s imaginative and prescient and honour his reminiscence by sustaining City Lights into the long run as a centre for open mental inquiry and dedication to literary tradition and progressive politics.
“Though we mourn his passing, we have fun his many contributions and give thanks for all of the years we had been in a position to work by his facet.”
Ferlinghetti was born in 1919 in New York, moved to San Francisco in 1951 and based City Lights in 1953, in partnership with Peter Martin, a scholar within the metropolis.
The store, which was an outlet for progressive politics, grew to become a gathering place for the Beats and different bohemians from the 1950s to the current day.
He printed many of the Beat poets and is broadly thought of one, though he stated in a 2013 documentary he didn’t assume of himself as half of the motion.
“Don’t call me a Beat. I was never a Beat poet,” he advised an interviewer.
Ferlinghetti was additionally a playwright, novelist and painter, and in 1976 he recited The Lord’s Prayer at The Band’s farewell live performance, documented in Martin Scorsese’s movie The Last Waltz.