In a nutshell: Nearly a decade ago, a group of students from MIT developed a mechanical ventilator utilizing a bag valve masks, the sort of handbook resuscitation machine you would possibly see a first responder use in an ambulance. The undertaking by no means moved previous the prototype stage however now that we’re within the midst of a international pandemic that’s forecasted to noticeably take a look at worldwide healthcare techniques, the concept is being revisited.
The MIT Emergency Ventilator (E-Vent) is one of a number of potential options to the anticipated international lack of ventilators. Simply put, it’s a handbook Ambu-bag ventilator that’s automated by the use of a mechanical machine. As talked about, Ambu-bags are frequent in important care environments however there apparently isn’t any scientific proof concerning their security over longer intervals of use like days or even weeks.
MIT stated its E-Vent is anticipated to be helpful in situations the place it may liberate current ventilator provide or in life-or-death conditions the place there isn’t a different possibility, including that any resolution ought to solely be utilized in a healthcare setting that’s being monitored by a scientific skilled.
MIT is publishing its open supply design as a security reference for these with the capabilities to fabricate ventilators. As you’ve little question heard, a number of unrelated firms together with Tesla, 3M, GE and Ford have dedicated to manufacturing ventilators and different in-demand medical provides like surgical masks.
The college can also be submitting its design to the FDA for evaluation beneath the Emergency Use Authorization authority.