The system noticed totally different areas of England positioned into medium, excessive and very excessive alert ranges relying on the variety of coronavirus circumstances – with restrictions on hospitality, leisure and family mixing applied accordingly.
The new restrictions for England are anticipated to return into power when lockdown ends on December 2.
But what ought to we count on? And what is this new tier system going to appear like?
And what about Christmas?
– Will England’s lockdown positively finish in December?
This is its authorized endpoint, with any extension requiring a vote in Parliament.
But what comes subsequent will rely upon a evaluation of Covid-19 case information to evaluate if the lockdown has had an impact.
– So what is the Government planning?
The “Covid winter plan” is anticipated to position extra areas into increased restriction tiers to maintain the virus underneath management, No 10 stated.
And whereas some native measures might be the similar as these in the earlier system, some tiers might be strengthened to safeguard the good points made throughout the nationwide lockdown.
– When will the new system be launched?
The nationwide lockdown in England is resulting from finish on December 2 so both it should should be prolonged or a new system put in place to switch it.
The Cabinet is anticipated to debate and log off the new plan on Sunday earlier than Mr Johnson declares it to Parliament on Monday.
– Is the vote a carried out deal?
Not solely – the Prime Minister might be cautious of a rise up from backbench Tory MPs who’re against new restrictions.
During a vote on the present four-week system earlier this month, 32 Conservatives rebelled to oppose the measures and 17 extra, together with former prime minister Theresa May, abstained.
A “Covid recovery group” led by former chief whip Mark Harper and ex-Brexit minister Steve Baker has been fashioned to withstand new measures, with recommendations 50 Tories have enlisted.
But Labour has up to now been supportive of the want for restrictions to sluggish the unfold of Covid-19, and a full-scale Commons defeat on the plan is unlikely.
– How lengthy will the new system final for?
The Government is optimistic that restrictions will be regularly diminished in the run-up to spring, offering vaccines are authorised by regulators, permitting a plan for the rollout to start subsequent month earlier than a wider programme in the new 12 months.
But with no vaccines having been authorised it is nonetheless not clear precisely when the rollout will be capable to start.
– What is anticipated over Christmas?
Several households – probably three – could possibly be allowed to create a bubble briefly between December 22 and 28, with the plans overlaying all 4 nations of the UK, in line with the Daily Telegraph.
Restrictions on church companies are additionally resulting from be lifted permitting Christmas Day companies to be held, the paper stated.
But whereas plans haven’t but been set out, ministers have made clear that the festive season might be totally different to regular.
– What had been the particulars of the unique three tier system?
Areas in the first tier – medium alert – had been topic to the similar nationwide measures which had been in power at the time throughout the nation together with a 10pm curfew for pubs and eating places and a ban on most gatherings of greater than six folks.
Under the second tier – excessive alert – family mixing was banned indoors whereas the rule of six continued to use outside.
Tier 3 – very excessive alert – banned social mixing each indoors and in non-public gardens, whereas pubs and bars had been informed to shut until they might function as a restaurant.
Local leaders had been to assist decide whether or not different venues must be closed, resembling gyms or casinos, in very excessive alert degree areas.
But the system confronted criticised as not being robust sufficient to cut back the unfold of the virus.
– Why was the tier system criticised?
Labour chief Sir Keir Starmer stated the hardest tier of restrictions was “a gateway to weeks and weeks, extra possible months and months, of agony from which there is no possible exit”.
Local leaders additionally complained that when an space was positioned in Tier Three it was not clear what it needed to do to get out of it.
The British Medical Association (BMA) additionally stated that the earlier system was “insufficient” and didn’t include the unfold of the virus.
– Did the tier system work?
There has been some indication that the system helped in components of the nation.
Dr Susan Hopkins, a Public Health England director advising the Government’s coronavirus response, stated just lately that Tier 1 restrictions had “very little effect”, Tier 2 diversified throughout areas and Tier 3, particularly “Tier 3 plus”, had diminished case numbers in the North West.
She stated the Government might have to consider “strengthening” tiers “in order to get us through the winter months”.
Experts on the Scientific Pandemic Influenza Group on Modelling (SPI-M), which advises the Government, consider infections will rise at the similar fee as earlier than if the similar three-tier system is introduced again in December.