Politics

Explained: How the next Commons Speaker is elected

It’s the kind of election you do not see fairly often, however the vote to decide on a brand new House of Commons Speaker is an essential and historic one.

A date hasn’t been confirmed but, however parliamentary officers need it to be as quickly as doable after 31 October.

That’s the date of the UK’s departure from the EU – but in addition when present Speaker John Bercow has introduced he plans to face down from the position he has held for greater than 10 years.

Speaker John Bercow announced he will stand down in tearful speech. Here's a montage showing how he handled MPs in the Commons
Speaker Bercow’s finest moments

Here’s all it’s essential to find out about how the election to select the person answerable for Commons proceedings is going to work.

Who can put themselves ahead?

Quite merely; any MP can stand to be Speaker.

All they should do is get at the very least 12 colleagues to help them – however these should be drawn from three completely different political events as a result of the position requires them to be impartial and command cross-party help.

MPs debating Brexit. Pic: UK Parliament/Mark Duffy
Image: Any candidate who will get over 50% of the votes is the winner. Pic: UK Parliament/Mark Duffy

When will we all know who the candidates are?

Most of them have already declared – with the record of candidates together with Lindsay Hoyle, Eleanor Laing, Harriet Harman, Chris Bryant, Sir Edward Leigh and Sir Henry Bellingham.

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Don’t be stunned if you do not know who a few of them are – most have not been on entrance pages or in frontline politics for some time.

But that is type of the level – they’re often long-serving MPs who’ve completed their time in the highlight and have now retired to the backbenches.

Nominations will formally shut at 10:30am on the day of the election and the full official record of candidates printed at 11am.

When will the election happen?

Just a couple of hours in a while the identical day, at 2:30pm, the election will happen.

It begins with speeches from every of the candidates, who draw straws upfront to resolve what order they go in.

Construction workers build scaffolding around the Elizabeth Tower, also known as Big Ben, during ongoing conservation works at the Houses of Parliament, Westminster, London.
Image: The election will kick off at 2:30pm

So how do MPs vote?

Every member of the Commons will get a poll paper with all the candidates’ names on it in alphabetical order.

They will then select their favorite candidate whereas in the division lobbies – the two corridors MPs often traipse right down to declare in the event that they’re voting for or towards a movement.

It is a secret poll, so how every MP votes is not going to be revealed like in regular Commons votes.

Who wins?

If any candidate will get over 50% they’re robotically elected.

If not, that is the place it will get a little bit extra sophisticated.

First, MPs can be requested to vote once more – however this time the candidate who receives the fewest votes is faraway from the poll paper, in addition to anybody who will get lower than 5% in the first spherical or any candidates who withdraw after the preliminary poll.

MPs proceed to vote till just one candidate stays or one in every of them will get over 50%.

The outcome is then learn out in parliament.

John Bercow is dragged to the speaker's chair by MPs after he was reelected as Speaker of the House of Commons, London, during its first sitting since the election.
Image: MPs are actually dragged from their place on the Commons benches

What occurs then?

An extremely weird spectacle the place the winner is “dragged” – actually – by two supporters from their seat on the inexperienced Commons benches and as much as the Speaker’s chair.

The custom originates from a time when the Speaker used to report back to the monarch on parliamentary proceedings.

If the king or queen did not like what they heard, they may execute the MP – that means some have been understandably not eager to tackle the position of Speaker.

Interior of the House of Commons, Westminster, London, 1742, (c1902-1905). Speaker Onslow in the chair, Sir Robert Walpole, first Prime Minister of Great Britain, addressing the House. Illustration from Parliament Past and Present by Arnold Wright and Philip Smith, (London, c1905). (Photo by The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images)
Image: The Speaker used to stay in worry of being executed by the monarch

The wining candidate will most likely make a brief speech, adopted by ones of congratulations from the celebration leaders.

Then they must go to the House of Lords for a ceremony – in step with parliament’s style for advanced, legalistic procedures – referred to as the “Royal Approbation of the Speaker”.

Unsurprisingly it includes numerous bowing, hat doffing and purple robes and may final about ten minutes.

When the Speaker returns to the Commons with all the ceremonial hoops jumped by way of, they are going to be given a particular gown to put on.

And, in any case that, they’re going to formally be a brand new Speaker.

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