The UK and the EU have each set out their red lines forward of trade talks that begin on Monday.
There are a number of areas the place the 2 sides are already at loggerheads.
Brussels has demanded the UK continues to permit EU fishing fleets entry to British waters forward of a free trade settlement.
EU chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier stated fishing rights should be included in the deal or there “won’t be any agreement at all”.
But the British authorities is placing its foot down, with prime minister Boris Johnson saying UK fishing territory needs to be “first and foremost” for British boats as soon as the UK leaves the Common Fisheries Policy.
The authorities has additionally refused to hyperlink fishing waters entry to entry to EU markets.
Trade and a ‘stage taking part in area’
The EU has stated that as a result of proximity of the UK, a trade deal can’t resemble one struck between Canada and Brussels – the free trade mannequin Mr Johnson desires.
Brussels stated it desires to make sure there are no “unfair competitive advantages” between the 2 so a future trade deal ought to embody “corresponding high standards over time” utilizing the EU’s guidelines “as a reference point”.
It desires to maintain the UK aligned to its laws in areas together with staff’ rights, environmental requirements and state subsidies.
However, the UK is adamant regulatory alignment isn’t required and stated it won’t conform to something in which the UK doesn’t have management of its legal guidelines.
Mr Johnson stated: “We wouldn’t ask the EU to follow every change in UK legislation, so it doesn’t make any sense for them to make the same requirement of us, and that’s where we are.”
He stated the UK won’t be making any concessions.
Brussels desires European courts to be liable for resolving authorized questions arising from the interpretation of EU regulation.
It says any questions over the interpretation of EU regulation needs to be referred to the Court of Justice of the European Union for a binding ruling.
But, the UK says it won’t conform to the courtroom having any jurisdiction in the UK.
The UK desires the deal to incorporate “legally binding obligations on market access and fair competition” with regulatory co-operation agreements.
Both sides had dedicated to finishing up assessments to test whether or not their present regulatory techniques are appropriate by the top of June – though the EU’s mandate didn’t point out the date.
Brussels stated its evaluation of UK guidelines might be modified at quick discover – which might trigger main issues for the City of London.
The UK desires to tug out of the European Arrest Warrant settlement, however desires an accord on “fast-track extradition arrangements”.
That poses a problem as some European international locations, resembling Germany, forbid the extradition of their nationals to non-EU international locations.
The UK desires regulation enforcement to be a part of a separate deal from the trade deal.
However, the EU desires one settlement masking the whole lot.
Brussels has warned any co-operation should be primarily based on the UK remaining signed as much as the European Convention on Human Rights.
The EU has demanded that either side ought to “address issues relating to the return or restitution of unlawfully removed cultural objects to their countries of origin”.
The Elgin Marbles, the Parthenon sculptures delivered to Britain greater than 200 years in the past which Greece desires again, is believed to be the primary difficulty there.
Downing Street has dominated out the marbles being a part of the “discussion as part of our trade negotiations”.