Boris Johnson is ready to hail ‘the dawn of a new era’ as Britain exits the bloc – however the nation faces a new period of uncertainty over its future relationship with the EU.
So simply why is that this taking place, how will life in the UK change – and will we still have the opportunity to journey to and from the EU?
Here’s every little thing you want to find out about Brexit and what occurs subsequent…
Why is Brexit taking place?
Brexit is going on after the UK voted in a referendum on 23 June 2016 to depart the European Union.
The vote noticed 51.9 per cent of votes being forged in favour of leaving, in contrast to 48.1 per cent voting to stay.
Although the referendum was legally non-binding, the authorities of the time – led by then Prime Minister David Cameron – promised to abide by the consequence.
Cameron then resigned as Prime Minister with Theresa May taking on in July of that yr.
When will Brexit happen?
The UK will formally depart the EU at 11pm on the night time of Friday 31 January.
Are we leaving the EU with a deal?
The UK is leaving the EU with Boris Johnson’s withdrawal settlement in place.
The departure from the EU was initially meant to happen at the finish of March 2019, after Theresa May had triggered Article 50 – the two-year course of for leaving the block – in March 2017.
However the exit was delayed to October 2019 after she failed to get her withdrawal settlement by Parliament thrice – finally main to her resigning as PM.
The UK’s departure was put again once more after Boris Johnson took over as Prime Minister and MPs voted to delay Brexit additional in the absence of a deal – forcing him to write to the EU and ask for one more extension.
A General Election was subsequently held, with the Conservatives profitable a decisive victory – which led to Boris lastly having the ability to get his invoice by Parliament, with the invoice receiving royal assent and later being permitted in the European Parliament.
The principal sticking level had been over the potential return of a onerous border in Ireland – though underneath the phrases of the withdrawal invoice they will stay a a part of the UK customs territory, however will proceed to align with the EU on some commerce laws, and comply with EU customs guidelines.
Can you buy the new Brexit 50p coin?
A brand new 50p coin is coming into circulation as we speak to mark Brexit Day.
The Brexit 50p coin – which reads Peace, Prosperity and Friendship with all Nations – will enter banks, Post Offices and outlets throughout the nation.
The Royal Mint has additionally opened the doorways of its South Wales HQ from 00.01 till 23:59 tonight, where folks will have the opportunity to strike their very own Brexit cash.
The service is often solely open to tour teams.
Failing that, you possibly can register your curiosity in getting a Brexit coin on the Royal Mint’s web site – or simply wait till one in every of the 10m which are being produced finds its approach into your pockets.
What occurs in the UK after Brexit?
While the UK is perhaps leaving the EU at 11pm on Friday, issues gained’t change that a lot in the short-term – as the nation is ready to enter a ‘transition period’.
During this time the UK will now not be a member state, however will still be topic to EU guidelines and laws.
The interval is designed to keep away from abrupt modifications to commerce guidelines and immigration, which might doubtlessly have been damaging to each the UK and the EU – and to give companies and the authorities time to modify to post-Brexit life.
It will additionally pave the approach for negotiations over the future relationship between the UK and the EU, with the intention of putting a commerce deal throughout this time.
Many features of life in the UK will stay the similar throughout the transition, with freedom of motion set to proceed between the UK and the EU in that point.
That means – for the time being at the very least – that British residents can proceed to reside and work in EU nations, whereas EU residents can proceed to do the similar right here.
The nation will additionally stay in the customs union and single market and will still be a a part of current EU commerce offers, in addition to being topic to EU laws.
Meanwhile safety co-operation between the UK and the bloc will proceed, whereas the UK will still be topic to EU regulation and rulings from the European Court of Justice.
Are UK passports still legitimate?
During the transition interval nothing will change as regards freedom of motion between the EU and the UK.
Once that interval is over, journey for UK residents inside the EU is anticipated to change.
The authorities web site says passports may have to be renewed earlier as, on the day of journey, at the very least six months validity is required.
The passport will additionally want to be lower than 10 years outdated.
UK residents will not require visas for journeys of up to three months to EU nations, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland. However a visa or allow could also be wanted for longer stays, together with to work, research and enterprise journey.
UK travellers may be required to present an onward ticket and show they have sufficient cash for his or her keep after they attain border management
Pets will not have the opportunity to journey underneath the present pet passport scheme and will want to comply with a completely different course of which takes 4 months.
After Brexit, European Health Insurance Cards might not be legitimate in lots of EU nations, and so the applicable journey insurance coverage with well being cowl will be wanted.
Those who plan to drive may want further paperwork and receive a global driving allow for some nations.
How lengthy is the transition interval?
At the second the transition interval is due to finish on 31 December 2020.
While it was meant to final two years, to enable adequate time for a deal to be struck with the EU, the delays in the Brexit deal have meant the interval is significantly shorter.
It implies that the UK has solely 11 months to negotiate its future relationship with commerce deal with the European Union – and considerations have already been raised that this will not be lengthy sufficient.
The nation can ask for an extension to the transition interval of up to two years, and has till 30 June this yr to request this – though Boris Johnson has stated he has no plans to lengthen the interval and that a deal could be struck on this time.
New EU chief Ursula von der Leyen has prompt it could be ‘impossible’ to strike a deal in the given time-frame, whereas it’s additionally emerged that talks between Britain and the EU could possibly be delayed till March.
If a deal has not been agreed by 31 December. the UK will exit the transition interval with no deal and will revert to WTO guidelines on commerce and safety – which might mirror the phrases of a ‘no-deal’ Brexit and could possibly be doubtlessly damaging each in the UK and the EU.
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