Currently, there have been 113 cannabinoids that have been found in both cannabis and hemp plants. The most well-known include tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD), and cannabinol (CBN).
In addition to these components, there are also a variety of other naturally occurring elements that can be found in hemp and cannabis plants. These include terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids.
If you’ve ever bought a CBD product, you may have heard of the CBD entourage effect.
What is the Entourage Effect?
In essence, the entourage effect is the benefit that is derived from
ingesting all of the components that come from hemp or cannabis plants, as
opposed to taking each component one at a time. Many claim that the best
results come from taking CBD full spectrum products. Most trusted CBD brands
produce full spectrum CBD.
As of now, the most cited entourage effect is the one between THC and CBD. THC is the compound found in marijuana that makes you feel high. CBD does not have this same effect, but there are those who believe it can help with a wide range of issues, from anxiety to chronic pain.
The way THC and CBD impact your body is by attaching to your endocannabinoid system. It is believed that THC can bind directly with your CB1 receptors. CBD is unable to bind to those receptors. However, when taken in combination with CBD, it is thought that the CBD reduces THC’s ability to bind with these receptors, making you feel less high and giving you a more relaxed, laid-back experience.
The Other Naturally Occurring Elements
There are also discussions on whether or not the other components that are
found naturally in hemp and cannabis plants contribute to the entourage effect.
Terpenes are aromatic compounds that are found in every plant. They are what create the pine smell in pine trees and give oranges their citrusy scent. It is believed that terpenes can have a therapeutic effect on the human body. Many full spectrum terpenes are used in aromatherapy.
Flavonoids are phytonutrients that make plants other colors besides green. They are believed to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral effects on the human body.
It is believed that omega-3 fatty acids can improve heart health and reduce risks that are associated with heart disease. It has been found that hemp seeds contain a high level of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Thus, the belief is that by ingesting these components into your body, you are getting an ingredient that could potentially benefit your health.
Are Full-Spectrum CBD Products Better?
Right now, there aren’t enough scientific studies to determine if full-spectrum CBD products are better than CBD oil with no THC. It’s also important to remember that depending on where you live, products that contain more than a certain percentage of THC are illegal.
The vast majority of full-spectrum CBD products contain the legal amount of THC, but whether or not this makes them bind to your endocannabinoid system and work better than CBD isolates or broad-spectrum CBD requires further testing. Until those results are available, you’ll have to go with how the products make you feel and make up your own mind about which option is better.
Alex Malkin is CBD-enthusiast, researcher, and co-founder of CBD.market, a trading platform for CBD products and educating.
Alex is the author of the book “CBD: A Door to Better Health” and certified Nutrition and Wellness specialist.